ARK FOR DIABETES
Problems arising out of Diabetes are usually overlooked. It is essential to understand the
complications and take necessary precautions.
Are Indians more prone to Diabetes?
Diabetes is one of the fast-growing chronic diseases in the world. A World Health Organization
(WHO) survey predicts that one out of three adults globally has Diabetes. The number of diabetic
people is expected to increase as roughly 352 million people are diagnosed to be pre-diabetic. It
indicates that while 6 percent of the population has Diabetes, 5 percent are in the line.
India tops the world with the highest number of people with Diabetes. Obesity correlated with
living standards, urban migration, and lifestyle changes makes the possibility of making every
household in India a home for a diabetic patient. The geography of India also affects the diabetic
pattern to a certain extent. Estimates show that the prevalence of Diabetes in the urban population
is more than the rural population in India.
What happens when you have Diabetes?
The common symptoms are high blood sugar accompanied by excessive thirst, increased hunger, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, numbness or tingling, and blurred vision.
There is an increased risk for heart diseases like narrowing of arteries, high blood pressure, heart attacks, coronary heart disease, stroke, etc. A common complication is a diabetic retinopathy, where the eye’s blood vessels swell up and leak. It increases eye problems like glaucoma and cataract. Long-standing uncontrolled Diabetes can affect the nerves, resulting in poor sensation and reduced pain perception.
Diabetes is likely to affect your immune system and make it weak, resulting in frequent infections. Hence it may delay the healing and recovery of skin injuries or wounds. Due to reduced pain and sensations, skin infections, cuts, or injuries may go unnoticed.
Kidneys also bear the brunt when there is Diabetes. Swollen legs and feet or puffy faces are the common symptoms. The risk of gum disease also increases, leading to gum inflammation and loss of teeth.
Why do we feel tired and lethargic even after taking oral anti-diabetic medicines?
Insulin is needed to carry glucose from the blood into the cells to be used for energy. When there is insufficient insulin or the insulin is not working effectively, the cells do not receive the power. Consequently, we feel tired.
If there is tiredness upon waking after a whole night’s sleep, it can be due to high or low blood sugar levels overnight. Blood sugar levels fluctuate in the night, and it is better to test blood sugar levels upon waking. Tiredness followed by a headache in the morning is also due to fluctuation in the glucose level. Despite having slept well, feeling tired during the day could be due to either high or low sugar levels, especially for people injecting insulin.
If tiredness is felt after meals, it can be due to insufficient dosage of the medication. People who are overweight can resist fatigue by decreasing carbohydrate consumption.
Hypoglycemia is a condition caused when there are low blood glucose levels in the body. It should provide an increased intake of carbohydrates to fuel the body with energy. If experiencing low blood sugar levels, the dosage of medication may be high. It is injecting insulin too early before eating can result in hypoglycemia.
Why is sex drive reduced due to Diabetes?
Healthy sexuality is on the top of the list when it comes to maintaining the quality of life. It is no different for people with Diabetes as it causes sexual complications for both men and women.
A common sexual health issue seen in people with Diabetes is loss of sex drive and libido. It can affect individuals at any age, irrespective of gender. It could be quite annoying if they had a healthy libido and pleasurable sex life before Diabetes.
Nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy leads to difficulties in arousal, which affects libido. Neuropathy may make it hard to feel sexual stimulation and also impede orgasm. These side effects can make sex agonizing or depressing.
With chronic diabetic conditions, sex can take a back seat. For men, numbness, pain, or lack of feeling can also occur in the genitals, leading to Erectile Dysfunction (ED). Women may have regular rates of vaginal infections, inflammation, and urinary tract infections. All these can also make sex painful and uncomfortable.
Do you have frozen shoulders after getting Diabetes?
An unfortunate reality of Diabetes is the fact that the longer the condition, the more the complication. One among these is a condition referred to as frozen shoulder or Adhesive capsulitis.
While it’s one of the less common complications of Diabetes, it is more than a mild inconvenience. It is characterized by shoulder pain, stiffness, and loss of range of motion. Trauma to the shoulder, such as a fracture, surgery, or immobilization, may be followed. It occurs for people between the ages of 40 and 60, and more often women
than men. It can affect their daily routine so much that it can restrict any shoulder motion at all.
Why do diabetic people feel a pricking sensation in their feet?
Several years of uncontrolled high blood sugar can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can perturb the sensation to various parts of the body, including the feet. People affected with Diabetes have some form of nerve damage or neuropathy. When nerve damage affects the legs and feet, it is known as peripheral neuropathy. This type of neuropathy causes a burning feeling, numbness, or tingling in the feet.
Since the feet get numb, there is less awareness of wounds, infections, and tight shoes. It makes it challenging for people with Diabetes to feel sensations in their extremes. There can be an increased risk of cuts, sores, and blisters.
It may lead to the development of ulcers and even gangrene if no proper treatment is given. And gangrene may lead to amputation.
The severity of the infection decides the treatment for diabetic foot problems.